Document


 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 8-K
 
Current Report
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 26, 2019
  
 
 
COWEN INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
 

Delaware
 
001-34516
 
27-0423711
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 
599 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10022
(Address of Principal Executive Offices and Zip Code) 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 845-7900 

 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:  
o
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)


 
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))



 
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))



 

☐ Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (17 CFR §230.405) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR §240.12b-2).
☐ If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
COWN
 
The Nasdaq Global Market
7.35% Senior Notes due 2027
 
COWNZ
 
The Nasdaq Global Market
7.75% Senior Notes due 2033
 
COWNL
 
The Nasdaq Global Market
 






Item 2.02.     Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On July 26, 2019, Cowen Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing its financial results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1. 

The information in Exhibit 99.1 is furnished pursuant to Item 2.02 and shall not be deemed to be “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(d)
 
Exhibit
 
 
 
 








SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
COWEN INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Owen S. Littman
 
 
 
Name:
Owen S. Littman
 
Date:
July 26, 2019
Title:
General Counsel
 
 
 
 
 
 


 



Exhibit


http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=13024058&doc=3



COWEN ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2019 FINANCIAL RESULTS

Reports GAAP EPS of $0.13 and Economic Operating EPS of $0.65

Record Quarterly Revenues and Sixth Consecutive Quarter of Profitability Driven by Strength in Investment Banking and Brokerage


NEW YORK - July 26, 2019 - Cowen Inc. (NASDAQ: COWN) (“Cowen” or “the Company”) today announced its operating results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2019.

GAAP

Second quarter 2019 revenue was $292.2 million compared to $234.6 million in the second quarter of 2018.
Second quarter 2019 net income was $4.1 million, or $0.13 per diluted common share, compared to $3.7 million, or $0.12 per diluted common share in the second quarter of 2018.


Economic Income (Non-GAAP)

Second quarter 2019 revenue increased 4% to $244.4 million from $234.3 million in the prior-year period.
Second quarter 2019 economic income was $15.5 million, or $0.49 per diluted common share, compared to $20.0 million, or $0.65 per diluted common share, in the prior-year period.
Second quarter 2019 economic operating income was $20.4 million, or $0.65 per diluted common share, compared to $23.0 million, or $0.75 per diluted common share, in the prior-year period.



1



Second Quarter 2019 Financial Summary
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30
 
 
 
June 30
 
 
(Dollar amounts in millions, except per share information)
2019
 
2018
 
%
 
2019
 
2018
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GAAP:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
292.2

 
$
234.6

 
25
 %
 
$
516.3

 
$
486.0

 
6
 %
Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc.
$
5.8

 
$
5.4

 
8
 %
 
$
15.6

 
$
22.3

 
(30
)%
  Less: Preferred stock dividends
$
(1.7
)
 
$
(1.7
)
 
 %
 
$
(3.4
)
 
$
(3.4
)
 
 %
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
4.1

 
$
3.7

 
11
 %
 
$
12.2

 
$
18.9

 
(35
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ECONOMIC INCOME (NON-GAAP):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Economic income revenue
$
244.4

 
$
234.3

 
4
 %
 
$
477.9

 
$
475.8

 
 %
Income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc.
$
17.2

 
$
21.7

 
(21
)%
 
$
34.2

 
$
45.8

 
(25
)%
  Less: Preferred stock dividends
$
(1.7
)
 
$
(1.7
)
 
 %
 
$
(3.4
)
 
$
(3.4
)
 
 %
Economic income (loss)
$
15.5

 
$
20.0

 
(23
)%
 
$
30.8

 
$
42.4

 
(27
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Add: Depreciation and amortization
$
5.0

 
$
3.0

 
67
 %
 
$
9.9

 
$
5.9

 
67
 %
Economic operating income
$
20.4

 
$
23.0

 
(11
)%
 
$
40.7

 
$
48.3

 
(16
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PER COMMON SHARE (DILUTED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GAAP:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per common share
$
0.13

 
$
0.12

 
8
 %
 
$
0.39

 
$
0.62

 
(38
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Economic income (non-GAAP):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Economic income (loss) per common share
$
0.49

 
$
0.65

 
(25
)%
 
$
0.97

 
$
1.39

 
(30
)%
Economic operating income (loss) per common share
$
0.65

 
$
0.75

 
(13
)%
 
$
1.29

 
$
1.59

 
(19
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: Amounts may not add up due to rounding. In prior reporting periods Economic Income was labeled as "Economic Income Attributable to Common Shareholders". A reconciliation of economic income (loss) to GAAP net income appears under the section, "Summary Economic Income (Loss) to GAAP Reconciliation."
   
Quarterly Financial Supplement

Supplemental financial, statistical and business-related information is included in the Company's quarterly financial supplement. This information should be read in conjunction with the Company's earnings release. Both the earnings release and the financial supplement are available on the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at investor.cowen.com/presentations.
Second Quarter 2019 Operating Highlights (Non-GAAP)

Scaled businesses that will drive margin:
Investment Banking revenue increased 30% year-over-year to a record $104.2 million

Improved revenue diversification:
Non-healthcare revenue as a percentage of investment banking revenue rose to 38% from 32% in 2Q 2018
Solid revenues in investment banking and brokerage offset weaker incentive income and investment income, highlighting strength of core operating business

Maintained contribution from recurring revenue businesses:
Brokerage revenues were up 7% year-over-year to $120.7 million. Sales and trading revenue, which includes brokerage, financing and other revenue, was $125.3 million, up 2% from second quarter 2018

Leveraged Cowen's domain expertise ("Cowen DNA") with the operating businesses
Positioning the investment management platform towards strategies that are salable, scalable and reflect Cowen DNA, such as the private healthcare investment management strategy

New Segment Reporting:
New Operating Company ("Op Co") and Asset Company ("Asset Co") reporting structure provides investors with greater insight into the profitability of the Company's business and the monetization potential of legacy investments



2




Management Commentary

Jeffrey M. Solomon, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cowen, said, "In the second quarter of 2019, we generated record revenues, including the highest-ever quarterly revenues in Investment Banking and the second highest ever in Markets. This result speaks to our growing revenue diversity, and we are investing to further strengthen our platform by investing in adding talent to several areas, including TMT and consumer banking. With our new segment reporting we seek to provide increased transparency into the strength of our core operating business and a better understanding of the value of our legacy investments."
GAAP Financial Review

Second Quarter Commentary

Revenue was $292.2 million compared to $234.6 million in the second quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to increased activity in capital markets and brokerage.

Interest and dividend expense was $39.5 million compared to $24.3 million in the prior-year period. The increase was related in part to debt issued in May 2019.

Employee compensation and benefits expense increased $4.1 million from the prior-year period to $136.0 million. The increase was due in part to the Quarton acquisition in January 2019.

Operating, general, administrative and other expenses increased $13.8 million year-over-year to $89.1 million. The increase is primarily related to increased marketing and business development expenses and professional fees.

Depreciation and amortization expense of $5.0 million increased $1.8 million from the prior-year period. The increase is primarily due to higher amortization related to intangibles acquired through the Quarton acquisition.

Other income was $9.7 million compared to $47.1 million in the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily related to a reduction in performance of the Company's own invested capital

During the second quarter of 2019, the Company recognized a goodwill impairment of $4.1 million related to the change in segments and restructuring of reporting units. There were no goodwill impairments recognized in the prior-year period.

Income tax expense was $5.1 million compared to an expense of $4.0 million in the prior-year quarter. This change was primarily attributable to the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.

Net income attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests decreased by $20.3 million to $4.3 million from the prior year period. The decrease was primarily the result of a decrease in income earned by the consolidated funds in the current year period.

















 

3



Capital

Select Balance Sheet Data
(Amounts in millions, except per share information)
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cowen Inc. stockholders' equity
$817.4
 
$794.4
 
$793.2
Common equity (CE)
$716.1
 
$693.1
 
$691.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
Book value per share (CE/CSO)
$24.29
 
$24.37
 
$23.37
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding (CSO)
29.5

 
28.4

 
29.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
Summary Stockholders' Equity Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cowen Inc. stockholders' equity
$817.4
 
$794.4
 
$793.2
Less:
 
 
 
 
 
    Preferred stock
$101.3
 
$101.3
 
$101.3
Common equity (CE)
$716.1
 
$693.1
 
$691.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: Amounts may not add up due to rounding.
 
 
 
 
 

Stockholders' equity increased to $817.4 million as of June 30, 2019 from $794.4 million as of December 31, 2018.
Book value decreased slightly to $24.29 per share.

Share Repurchase Program

In second quarter 2019, the Company repurchased $7.4 million of its common stock, or 461,830 shares, at an average price of $15.93, under the Company's existing share repurchase program. Approximately $17.6 million is currently available for repurchase under the program.

Outside the share repurchase program, in the second quarter 2019 the Company acquired approximately $3.4 million of shares as a result of a net share settlement relating to the vesting of equity awards, or 219,217 shares at an average price of $15.55.

Economic Income (Non-GAAP) Financial Review
 
Throughout the remainder of this press release the Company presents Economic Income financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). In general, Economic Income (Loss) is a pre-tax measure that (i) eliminates the impact of consolidation for consolidated funds and excludes (ii) goodwill and intangible impairment (iii) certain other transaction-related adjustments and/or reorganization expenses and (iv) certain costs associated with debt. Economic Operating Income (Loss) is a similar measure but before depreciation and amortization expenses. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) revenues include investment income that represents the income the Company has earned in investing its own capital, including realized and unrealized gains and losses, interest and dividends, net of associated investment related expenses. For US GAAP purposes, these items are included in each of their respective line items. Economic Income (Loss) revenues also include management fees, incentive income and investment income earned through the Company's investment as a general partner in certain real estate entities and the Company's investment in the activist business and certain investment funds. For US GAAP purposes, all of these items, are recorded in other income (loss). Economic Income (Loss) recognizes (a) incentive fees during periods when the fees are not yet crystallized for US GAAP reporting and (b) retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, earned during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) expenses are reduced by reimbursement from affiliates, which for US GAAP purposes is presented gross as part of revenue.

For a more complete description of Economic Income (Loss) and a reconciliation of US GAAP net income (loss) to Economic Income (Loss) for the periods presented and additional information regarding the reconciling adjustments, please see the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this press release.


4



Summary Economic Income (Loss) to GAAP Reconciliation
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
March 31
 
June 30
(Per share information)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Economic income (loss) per common share (diluted)
$
0.49

 
$
0.65

 
$
0.48

 
$
0.97

 
$
1.39

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Income taxes
(0.16
)
 
(0.13
)
 
(0.10
)
 
(0.26
)
 
(0.36
)
  Uncrystallized incentive fees

 
(0.05
)
 
(0.01
)
 
(0.02
)
 
(0.07
)
  Amortization of discount on convertible debt
(0.03
)
 
(0.06
)
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.07
)
 
(0.06
)
  Debt extinguishment costs

 
(0.02
)
 

 

 
(0.02
)
  Retainer fees deferred for GAAP
(0.03
)
 

 
(0.05
)
 
(0.07
)
 

  Unrealized gain (loss) on conversion option (a)

 
(0.26
)
 

 

 
(0.25
)
  Goodwill impairment (b)
(0.13
)
 

 

 
(0.13
)
 

  Transaction-related and other costs

 

 
(0.03
)
 
(0.04
)
 
(0.01
)
GAAP earnings (loss) per share (diluted)
$
0.13

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.62

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding.

    
(a) Prior to the Company's June 26, 2018 shareholder meeting, the embedded conversion option feature associated with its convertible notes (due 2022) was recognized at fair value in accordance with US GAAP as a derivative liability. The profit and loss movement related to that liability was associated with the movement of the Company's stock price. Subsequent to receiving shareholder approval for share settlement the embedded conversion option was reclassified to equity and will no longer result in profit and loss movements.
(b) In conjunction with the change in segments and restructuring of reporting units in 2Q19, the Company recognized a goodwill impairment in the amount of $4.1 million within Asset Co.


Economic Income Revenue
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
 
 
March 31
 
 
 
June 30
 
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
2019
 
2018
 
%
 
2019
 
%
 
2019
 
2018
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
104.2

 
$
80.0

 
30
 %
 
$
83.0

 
26
 %
 
$
187.2

 
$
174.0

 
8
 %
Brokerage
120.7

 
113.2

 
7
 %
 
105.2

 
15
 %
 
225.8

 
227.3

 
(1
)%
Management fees
10.5

 
12.5

 
(16
)%
 
10.4

 
1
 %
 
20.9

 
25.6

 
(18
)%
Incentive income
4.2

 
9.4

 
(55
)%
 
16.7

 
(75
)%
 
21.0

 
14.6

 
44
 %
Investment income (loss)
0.5

 
20.0

 
(98
)%
 
17.0

 
(97
)%
 
17.5

 
34.3

 
(49
)%
Other revenues
4.3

 
(0.7
)
 
NM

 
1.2

 
NM

 
5.5

 
0.2

 
NM

Total Revenue
$
244.4

 
$
234.3

 
4
 %
 
$
233.5

 
5
 %
 
$
477.9

 
$
475.8

 
0
 %

Second Quarter 2019 Commentary

Total Economic Income revenue was $244.4 million compared to $234.3 million in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 4%. The increase in Economic Income revenue was primarily attributable to a increase in investment banking and brokerage activity, partially offset by decreases in incentive income, management fees and investment income.

Interest expense increased $2.6 million to $6.7 million in the second quarter compared with $4.1 million in the prior year period. The increase is primarily related to debt issued in June of 2018 and May of 2019.

Net of interest expense, Economic Income revenue was $237.7 million versus $230.2 million in the prior-year quarter.

Total expenses were $220.5 million compared to $208.4 million in the prior year period. Items included are discussed below.

Compensation and benefits expense was $135.5 million compared to $131.3 million in the second quarter 2018. The compensation-to-revenue ratio was 55.4%, down from 56.0% in the prior year period.

Fixed non-compensation expenses increased $4.0 million year over year to $38.4 million.

5




Variable non-compensation expenses were $39.9 million, up from $37.2 million in the second quarter 2018.

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests decreased by $0.8 million to $1.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019 compared with $2.5 million in the prior year period. Non-controlling interest represents the portion of net income or loss attributable to certain non-wholly owned subsidiaries that is allocated to the Company's partners in those subsidiaries.

Depreciation expense during the second quarter of 2019 was $1.7 million, flat compared to $1.7 million in the prior year period.

Amortization expense was $3.3 million compared to $1.3 million in the second quarter of 2018. The increase is primarily related to intangible assets recognized in the Quarton acquisition.

Economic Operating Income, which represents Economic Income attributable to common stockholders before depreciation and amortization, was $20.4 million for the second quarter of 2019, compared to Economic Operating Income of $23.0 million in the prior year period.

As of July 1, 2019, the Company had assets under management of $12.1 billion, an increase of $0.5 billion and $1.2 billion from April 1, 2019 and July 1, 2018 respectively.

Business Segment Results

Change in Segments

As noted in the prior reporting period, the Company continually monitors and reviews its segment reporting structure in accordance with authoritative guidance to determine whether any changes have occurred that would impact its reportable segments. Because of the change in the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) of the Company at the end of 2017, the Company experienced a strategic shift to refocus the Company’s businesses on a set of differentiated products which are aligned to the content and insight within the Company’s domain of expertise.

During the second quarter of 2019, the Company realigned the business and reportable segment information that the CODM regularly reviews to evaluate performance for operating decision-making purposes, including evaluation and allocation of resources.  As a result, the Company changed its segment reporting structure based on the Company's domain expertise as a driver of harmonized repeatable revenue for its operating business versus the Company’s long-term monetization strategies.

As a result of the change in segments, effective for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, the Company has the following business segments: Operating Company ("Op Co") and Asset Company ("Asset Co").

The Op Co segment consists of four divisions: Cowen Investment Management (CIM), Investment Banking, Markets, and Research. Each of Op Co’s four divisions leverage the Research division’s core domain expertise to drive harmonized repeatable revenue for the segment.

The CIM division offers innovative investment products and solutions across the liquidity spectrum to institutional and private clients. CIM offers investors access to a number of strategies to meet their specific needs including merger arbitrage, activism, healthcare royalties, and private healthcare investing which leverage the content and domain expertise that are aligned with the Company's core areas of expertise ("Cowen DNA").

The Investment Banking division includes public and private capital raising transactions and providing strategic advisory services.

The Markets division includes trading equity and equity-linked securities on behalf of institutional investors as well as a full-service suite of prime brokerage services, cross-asset trading, securities finance, global execution, clearing and commission management businesses.


6



The Research division provides the thought leadership and domain expertise that drives Cowen DNA. The research content that is created helps to facilitate brokerage revenue in the Markets division, drive deal flow in the Investment Banking division and facilitate investor relationships and investing within CIM’s innovative investment products and solutions.

The Asset Co segment consists of certain of the Company’s private investments, private real estate business and other legacy multi-strategy funds. While the Asset Co segment is not a reportable segment, the Company will provide segment level information for Asset Co.

Operating Company Segment

Brokerage revenue increased $7.5 million to $120.7 million in the second quarter 2019 compared to $113.2 million in the second quarter 2018. The increase was primarily attributable to stronger institutional brokerage activity despite a decline in market-wide U.S. equity trading volumes.
 
Investment banking revenue was $104.2 million, a 30% increase over the prior-year quarter.  The increase was primarily due to stronger capital markets activity and increased deal flow in the healthcare and consumer/cannabis sectors.
Investment Banking Revenue Summary
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
June 30
(Dollar amounts in millions)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Capital Markets
$92.4
 
$65.5
 
$146.9
 
$145.1
Advisory
11.9

 
14.5

 
40.2

 
28.9

    Total
$104.3
 
$80.0
 
$187.1
 
$174.0

Investment Banking Transaction Count
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
June 30
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Capital Markets
46
 
31
 
76
 
68
    Of which bookrun:
32
 
22
 
53
 
50
Advisory
10
 
10
 
19
 
15
Total
56
 
41
 
95
 
83

Management fees in the Op Co segment were $10.0 million compared to $10.9 million in the prior-year quarter.

Incentive income in the Op Co segment was $2.6 million compared to $12.3 million in the prior-year quarter. This decrease was due in part to lower performance fees from the activist strategy.

Investment income (loss) in the Op Co segment was $(3.1) million compared to income of $18.5 million in the prior-year quarter. The decrease was due in part to lower returns from the activist strategy and certain other investment strategies.

Asset Company Segment

As of July 1, 2019, the company had invested capital in Asset Co totaling $149.0 million. The largest investments in Asset Co in the second quarter 2019 were in Italian wireless broadband provider Linkem ($72.4 million), private equity funds Formation8/Eclipse ($40.4 million) and private real estate holding Surfside ($8.5 million).

Total Asset Co economic income revenue was $5.7 million compared to $0.2 million in the prior-year quarter. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the carrying value of Linkem as well as related incentive fees.

Management fees in the Asset Co segment were $0.5 million compared to $1.5 million in the prior-year quarter.

Incentive income (loss) in Asset Co was $1.6 million compared to a loss of $(3.0) million in the prior-year quarter.

Investment income in Asset Co was $3.6 million compared to $1.5 million in the prior-year quarter.

7




Earnings Conference Call
 
Management will hold a conference call today (Friday, July 26, 2019) at 10:00 am ET to discuss these results and provide an update on business conditions.

Chief Executive Officer Jeffrey M. Solomon and Chief Financial Officer Stephen A. Lasota will host the presentation, followed by a question and answer period.

U.S. dial in: 1-(855) 760-0961
International dial-in: 1-(631) 485-4850
Passcode: 8293838

The call can also be accessed through live audio webcast or by delayed replay on the Company’s website at investor.cowen.com. Please call the conference telephone number 10 minutes prior to the start time.

A replay of the call will be available beginning at 1:00 pm ET July 26, 2019 through 1:00 pm ET Aug. 1, 2019. 

U.S. replay dial-in: 1-(855) 859-2056
International replay dial-in: 1-(404) 537-3406
Replay ID: 8293838

About Cowen Inc.
Cowen Inc. (“Cowen” or the “Company”) is a diversified financial services firm offering investment banking services, equity and credit research, sales and trading, prime brokerage, global clearing, commission management services and actively managed alternative investment products. Cowen focuses on delivering value-added capabilities to our clients in order to help them outperform. Founded in 1918, the Company is headquartered in New York and has offices worldwide. Learn more at Cowen.com

Investor Relations Contact:
JT Farley
(646) 562-1056
james.farley@cowen.com
Source: Cowen Inc.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements provide the Company’s current expectations or forecasts of future events.  Forward-looking statements include statements about the Company’s expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, intentions, assumptions and other statements that are not historical facts.  Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements.  The Company’s actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the factors described in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  The Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q are available at our website at www.cowen.com and at the Securities and Exchange Commission website at www.sec.gov.  Unless required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect circumstances or events after the date of this press release.


8



Cowen Inc.
US GAAP Preliminary Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
June 30
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
114,705

 
$
84,826

 
$
194,811

 
$
182,814

Brokerage
111,382

 
103,285

 
208,845

 
209,018

Management fees
7,039

 
7,373

 
14,180

 
14,790

Incentive income
8

 
48

 
23

 
64

Interest and dividends
40,047

 
25,109

 
69,139

 
51,063

Reimbursement from affiliates
254

 
336

 
542

 
713

Aircraft lease revenue

 
419

 

 
1,134

Reinsurance premiums
14,331

 
9,226

 
20,922

 
17,873

Other
930

 
876

 
1,991

 
2,212

Consolidated Funds revenues
3,468

 
3,075

 
5,808

 
6,276

Total revenue
292,164

 
234,573

 
516,261

 
485,957

Interest and dividends expense
39,528

 
24,306

 
68,612

 
48,846

Total net revenue
252,636

 
210,267

 
447,649

 
437,111

Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employee compensation and benefits
135,984

 
131,845

 
266,172

 
266,985

Reinsurance claims, commissions and amortization of deferred acquisition costs
10,782

 
9,924

 
16,944

 
18,655

Operating, general, administrative and other expenses
89,063

 
75,304

 
167,064

 
151,523

Depreciation and amortization expense
4,952

 
3,194

 
9,908

 
6,419

Goodwill impairment
4,100

 

 
4,100

 

Consolidated Funds expenses
2,231

 
3,149

 
3,713

 
5,580

Total expenses
247,112

 
223,416

 
467,901

 
449,162

Other income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (losses) gains on securities, derivatives and other investments
3,910

 
16,719

 
42,994

 
32,688

Gain/(loss) on debt extinguishment

 
(556
)
 

 
(556
)
Consolidated Funds net (losses) gains
5,782

 
30,985

 
7,640

 
48,850

Total other income (loss)
9,692

 
47,148

 
50,634

 
80,982

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
15,216

 
33,999

 
30,382

 
68,931

Income tax expense/(benefit)
5,073

 
3,993

 
8,250

 
10,916

Net income (loss)
10,143

 
30,006

 
22,132

 
58,015

Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries and funds
4,331

 
24,607

 
6,537

 
35,763

Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc.
5,812

 
5,399

 
15,595

 
22,252

Less: Preferred stock dividends
1,698

 
1,698

 
3,396

 
3,396

Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc. common stockholders
$
4,114

 
$
3,701

 
$
12,199

 
$
18,856

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.14

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.41

 
$
0.64

Diluted
$
0.13

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.62

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares used in per share data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
29,769

 
29,769

 
29,766

 
29,688

Diluted
31,522

 
30,720

 
31,572

 
30,460


9



 Appendix: Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 
In addition to the results presented above in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in United States of America ("US GAAP"), the Company presents financial measures that are non-GAAP measures, such as Economic Income (Loss) and Economic Income (Loss) excluding certain non-cash items.  The Company believes that these non-GAAP measures, viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, the Company’s reported US GAAP results, provide useful information to investors regarding its performance and overall results of operations.  These metrics are an integral part of the Company’s internal reporting to measure the performance of its businesses and the overall effectiveness of senior management.  Reconciliations to comparable US GAAP measures are available in the accompanying schedules.  The non-GAAP measures presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other public companies, and are not identical to corresponding measures used in our various agreements or public filings.

Economic Income (Loss)
 
Economic Income (Loss) may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other public companies. Cowen uses Economic Income (Loss) as a measure of its operating performance, not as a measure of liquidity. Economic Income (Loss) should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for operating income, net income, operating cash flows, investing and financing activities, or other income or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with US GAAP. As a result of the adjustments made to arrive at Economic Income (Loss) described below, Economic Income (Loss) has limitations in that it does not take into account certain items included or excluded under US GAAP, including its consolidated funds. Economic Income (Loss) is considered by management as a supplemental measure to the US GAAP results to provide a more complete understanding of its performance as management measures it.
 
In general, Economic Income (Loss) is a pre-tax measure that (i) eliminates the impact of consolidation for consolidated funds and excludes (ii) goodwill and intangible impairment (iii) certain other transaction-related adjustments and/or reorganization expenses and (iv) certain costs associated with debt. Economic Operating Income (Loss) is a similar measure but before depreciation and amortization expenses. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) revenues include investment income that represents the income the Company has earned in investing its own capital, including realized and unrealized gains and losses, interest and dividends, net of associated investment related expenses. For US GAAP purposes, these items are included in each of their respective line items. Economic Income (Loss) revenues also include management fees, incentive income and investment income earned through the Company's investment as a general partner in certain real estate entities and the Company's investment in the activist business and certain investment funds. For US GAAP purposes, all of these items, are recorded in other income (loss). Economic Income (Loss) recognizes (a) incentive fees during periods when the fees are not yet crystallized for US GAAP reporting and (b) retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, earned during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) expenses are reduced by reimbursement from affiliates, which for US GAAP purposes is presented gross as part of revenue.


10



Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of US GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
Funds
 
Economic
 
US GAAP
 
Adjustments (1)
 
Consolidation (2)
 
Income
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
114,705

 
$
(10,489
)
(a)
$

 
$
104,216

Brokerage
111,382

 
9,290

(b)

 
120,672

Management fees
7,039

 
2,864

(c)
565

 
10,468

Incentive income
8

 
4,221

(c)

 
4,229

Investment income

 
485

(d)

 
485

Interest and dividends
40,047

 
(40,047
)
(b)(d)

 

Reimbursement from affiliates
254

 
(287
)
(e)
33

 

Reinsurance premiums
14,331

 
(14,331
)
(f)

 

Other revenues
930

 
3,401

(f)
(12
)
 
4,319

Consolidated Funds
3,468

 

 
(3,468
)
 

Total revenue
$
292,164

 
$
(44,893
)
 
$
(2,882
)
 
$
244,389

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) Economic Income (Loss) presents underwriting expenses net of investment banking revenues, expenses reimbursed from clients within their respective expense category. Economic Income (Loss) also records retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, collectible during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities which are shown gross in interest income and interest expense for US GAAP.
(c) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents, (ii) records income from uncrystallized incentive fees and (iii) the Company's proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(d) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(e) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.

11



Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of US GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
Funds
 
Economic
 
US GAAP
 
Adjustments (1)
 
Consolidation (2)
 
Income
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
84,826

 
$
(4,784
)
(a)
$

 
$
80,042

Brokerage
103,285

 
9,901

(b)

 
113,186

Management fees
7,373

 
4,501

(c)
612

 
12,486

Incentive income
48

 
9,307

(c)
8

 
9,363

Investment income

 
19,954

(d)(g)

 
19,954

Interest and dividends
25,109

 
(25,109
)
(b)(d)

 

Reimbursement from affiliates
336

 
(401
)
(e)
65

 

Aircraft lease revenue
419

 
(419
)
(g)

 

Reinsurance premiums
9,226

 
(9,226
)
(f)

 

Other revenues
876

 
(1,597
)
(f)

 
(721
)
Consolidated Funds
3,075

 

 
(3,075
)
 

Total revenue
$
234,573

 
$
2,127

 
$
(2,390
)
 
$
234,310

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) Economic Income (Loss) presents underwriting expenses net of investment banking revenues, expenses reimbursed from clients within their respective expense category. Economic Income (Loss) also records retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, earned during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities which are shown gross in interest income and interest expense for US GAAP.
(c) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents, (ii) records income from uncrystallized incentive fees and (iii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(d) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(e) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(g) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).



12




Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of US GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
Funds
 
Economic
 
US GAAP
 
Adjustments (1)
 
Consolidation (2)
 
Income
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
194,811

 
$
(7,599
)
(a)
$

 
$
187,212

Brokerage
208,845

 
16,984

(b)

 
225,829

Management fees
14,180

 
5,652

(c)
1,066

 
20,898

Incentive income
23

 
20,409

(c)
544

 
20,976

Investment income

 
17,468

(d)

 
17,468

Interest and dividends
69,139

 
(69,139
)
(b)(d)

 

Reimbursement from affiliates
542

 
(609
)
(e)
67

 

Reinsurance premiums
20,922

 
(20,922
)
(f)

 

Other revenues
1,991

 
3,499

(f)
(12
)
 
5,478

Consolidated Funds
5,808

 

 
(5,808
)
 

Total revenue
$
516,261

 
$
(34,257
)
 
$
(4,143
)
 
$
477,861

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) Economic Income (Loss) presents underwriting expenses net of investment banking revenues, expenses reimbursed from clients within their respective expense category. Economic Income (Loss) also records retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, earned during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities which are shown gross in interest income and interest expense for US GAAP.
(c) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents, (ii) records income from uncrystallized incentive fees and (iii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(d) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(e) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.



13




Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of US GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
Funds
 
Economic
 
US GAAP
 
Adjustments (1)
 
Consolidation (2)
 
Income
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking
$
182,814

 
$
(8,848
)
(a)
$

 
$
173,966

Brokerage
209,018

 
18,239

(b)

 
227,257

Management fees
14,790

 
9,008

(c)
1,815

 
25,613

Incentive income
64

 
14,478

(c)
17

 
14,559

Investment income

 
34,256

(d)(g)

 
34,256

Interest and dividends
51,063

 
(51,063
)
(b)(d)

 

Reimbursement from affiliates
713

 
(846
)
(e)
133

 

Aircraft lease revenue
1,134

 
(1,134
)
(g)

 

Reinsurance premiums
17,873

 
(17,873
)
(f)

 

Other revenues
2,212

 
(2,046
)
(f)

 
166

Consolidated Funds
6,276

 

 
(6,276
)
 

Total revenue
$
485,957

 
$
(5,829
)
 
$
(4,311
)
 
$
475,817

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) Economic Income (Loss) presents underwriting expenses net of investment banking revenues, expenses reimbursed from clients within their respective expense category. Economic Income (Loss) also records retainer fees, relating to investment banking activities, earned during the period that would otherwise be deferred until closing for US GAAP reporting.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities which are shown gross in interest income and interest expense for US GAAP.
(c) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents, (ii) records income from uncrystallized incentive fees and (iii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(d) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(e) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(g) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).

14